History on Iran’s Nuclear Program
The Iranian nuclear program became the main issue on the international community that follows the disclosure of its two previously unreported nuclear facility back in August 2002. The two of the facilities that they have which is the uranium enrichment plant at Natanz and also the heavy water reactor based on Arak comes with two possible nuclear weapon application.
Negotiations that were made between Western countries and also by Iran started in August 2002, which failed in producing long term solutions. Following with the made negotiations by the EU-3, which is France, Germany as well as the UK in October 2003, Iran later on agreed on suspending all of their uranium enrichment activities. The EU-3 also acknowledge the nuclear rights of Iran and promised in supplying Iran with modern technology after it could provide enough assurance to its international community about the nature of the nuclear program.
Suspensions on the enrichment activity lasted in June 2005, after on its election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad where Iran resumed its uranium enrichment where you could see more here.
For almost the same time, EU-3 offered Iran its different benefits as a return of its permanent cessation on the uranium enrichment as well as other activities that are related with its possible nuclear weapon applications. As the addition on its unpublished economic and political side, Iras as supposed to be provided with guaranteed supply of nuclear fuel and also an assurance of its non aggression from the EU. This offer however was being rejected by Iran because the nuclear officials considers it very insulting and it is also humiliating.
Both EU and US made their move in having the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to refer Iran towards the United Nations Security Council for its possible sanctions.
In September 2009, Iran then informed IAEA on its second uranium enrichment facility, which is under construction that’s near the city of Qom. France, US and Britain issued a joint statement that argues on the disclosure about their secret facility, which they in fact say is a growing concern regarding the nuclear program of Iran. Iran however claimed it was really not required to inform IAEA regarding the new facilities until six months before Iran’s nuclear fuel is introduced. The IAEA also states that the delay of Iran submitting the information towards the agency does not contribute towards the building of confidence.
After on the revelation, Iran likewise attended on the negotiations on its representatives from the permanent members of the UNSC as well as the IAEA. After the talks, the IAEA then provided Iran with draft deals which sees Iran ships on the majority of the low-enriched uranium to Russia about their further enrichment and the fuel returned to Iran for the use of medical research as well as for cancer treatment. Iran also proposed some changes on its draft agreement, which however was rejected by the P5+1 and this deal went to nowhere.